The following thoughts on reducing toxic MEV are written in good faith based on many years worth of study in this area and with the best interests of Ethereum users in mind.
Zeromev always encourages people to do their own research, and will under no circumstances take responsibility for any losses.
Please see Zeromev-Geth, our interim solution to reduce frontrunning and harmful network centralization.
These ideas are designed to:
Ethereum mainnet is becoming an increasingly hostile place to do business.
While your tokens and direct token transfers are safely secured by the distributed nature of Ethereum consensus, popular use cases such as token swaps and NFT trades are extremely vulnerable to toxic MEV.
Please consider avoiding such activities on Ethereum mainnet altogether wherever possible.
If you do decide to use order-sensitive smart contracts on Ethereum mainnet, understand that there are currently no dependable solutions to protect you from toxic MEV in that environment. See here for further explanation and examples.
In short, mainnet protections must rely on trusting miners who are the very actors that benefit from toxic MEV. Miners are incentivized to make such protections fail at the point they start saving users money. Some miners have taken that decision already.
If you do decide to use mainnet MEV protections, please set transaction parameters assuming that you are still vulnerable (eg: tight slippage on a DEX swap).
Choose a First Come First Serve (FCFS) L2 with a high Total Value Locked (TVL) that ensures they have a lot at risk reputationally, legally and financially should they choose to exploit you.
Ethereum miners are similarly trusted for transaction ordering, but are unaccountable and anonymous. Worse, the majority now run software designed to maximize the exploitation of MEV and are not worthy of your trust.
Avoid L2s that offer bribery ordering or have dubious or exploitative MEV policies.
We hope the ideas above empower you to take effective action today to protect yourself against toxic MEV.
The following organizations are at the forefront of efforts to mitigate toxic MEV in a fully distributed setting: